Title Year Number Subject
 
 
 
Table of ContentsContent
Preamble 1  -             THE INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT, 1872
Part 1  -             RELEVANCY OF FACTS
Chapter 1  -             PRELIMINARY
Section 1  -             Short title, extent and Commencement
Section 2  -             Repeal of enactments
Section 3  -             Interpretation clause
Section 4  -             "May presume"
Chapter 2  -             OF THE RELEVANCY OF FACTS
Section 5  -             Evidence may be given of facts in issue and relevant facts
Section 6  -             Relevancy of facts forming part of same transaction
Section 7  -             Facts which are the occasion, cause or effect of facts in issue
Section 8  -             Motive, preparation and previous or subsequent conduct
Section 9  -             Facts necessary to explain or introduce relevant facts
Section 10  -             Things said or done by conspirator in reference to common design
Section 11  -             When facts not otherwise relevant become relevant
Section 13  -             Facts relevant when right or custom is in question
Section 16  -             Existence of course of business when relevant
Section 17 to 31  -             Admissions
Section 17  -             Admission defined
Section 20  -             Admissions by persons expressly referred to by party to suit
Section 22  -             When oral admissions as to contents of documents are relevant
Section 23  -             Admissions in civil cases, when relevant
Section 25  -             Confession to police officer not to be proved
Section 27  -             How much of information received from accused may be proved
Section 31  -             Admissions not conclusive proof, but may estop
Section 32 to 33  -             Statements by persons who cannot be called as witnesses
Section 34 to 38  -             Statements made under special circumstances
Section 36  -             Relevancy of statements in maps, charts and plans
Section 38  -             Relevancy of statements as to any law contained in law-books
Section 40 to 44  -             Judgments of Courts of justice, when relevant
Section 40  -             Previous judgments relevant to bar a second suit or trial
Section 41  -             Relevancy of certain judgments in probate, etc., jurisdiction
Section 45 to 51  -             Opinions of third persons when relevant
Section 45  -             Opinions of experts
Section 45A  -             Opinion of Examiner of Electronic Evidence
Section 46  -             Facts bearing upon opinions of experts
Section 47  -             Opinion as to handwriting, when relevant
Section 47A  -             Opinion as to electronic signature when relevant
Section 48  -             Opinion as to existence of right or custom, when relevant
Section 49  -             Opinion as to usages, tenets, etc., when relevant
Section 50  -            
Section 51  -             Grounds of opinion, when relevant
Section 52 to 55  -             Character when relevant
Section 52  -             In civil cases character to prove conduct imputed, irrelevant
Section 53  -             In criminal cases, previous good character relevant
Section 54  -             Previous bad character not relevant, except in reply
Section 55  -             Character as affecting damages
Part 2  -             ON PROOF
Chapter 3  -             FACTS WHICH NEED NOT BE PROVED
Section 56  -             Fact judicially noticeable need not be proved
Section 57  -             Facts of which Court must take judicial notice
Section 58  -             Facts admitted need not be proved
Chapter 4  -             OF ORAL EVIDENCE
Section 59  -             Proof of facts by oral evidence
Section 60  -             Oral evidence must be direct
Chapter 5  -             OF DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE
Section 61  -             Proof of contents of documents
Section 62  -             Primary evidence
Section 63  -             Secondary evidence
Section 64  -             Proof of documents by primary evidence
Section 65A  -             Special provisions as to evidence relating to electronic record
Section 65B  -             Admissibility of electronic records
Section 66  -             Rules as to notice to produce
Section 67A  -             Proof as to electronic signature
Section 68  -             Proof of execution of document required by law to be attested
Section 69  -             Proof where no attesting witness found
Section 70  -             Admission of execution by party to attested document
Section 71  -             Proof when attesting witness denies the execution
Section 72  -             Proof of document not required by law to be attested
Section 73A  -             Proof as to verification of digital signature
Section 74 to 78  -             Public Documents
Section 74  -             Public documents
Section 75  -             Private documents
Section 76  -             Certified copies of public documents
Section 77  -             Proof of documents by production of certified copies
Section 78  -             Proof of other official documents
Section 79 to 90A  -             Presumptions as to documents
Section 79  -             Presumption as to genuineness of certified copies
Section 80  -             Presumption as to documents produced as record of evidence
Section 81A  -             Presumption as to Gazettes in electronic forms
Section 83  -             Presumption as to maps or plans made by authority of Government
Section 84  -             Presumption as to collections of laws and reports of decisions
Section 85  -             Presumption as to power-of-attorney
Section 85A  -             Presumption as to electronic agreements
Section 85B  -             Presumption as to electronic records and electronic signatures
Section 85C  -             Presumption as to Electronic Signature Certificates
Section 86  -             Presumption as to certified copies of foreign judicial records
Section 87  -             Presumption as to books, maps and charts
Section 88  -             Presumption as to telegraphic messages
Section 88A  -             Presumption as to electronic messages
Section 89  -             Presumption as to due execution, etc. of documents not produced
Section 90  -             Presumption as to documents thirty years old
Section 90A  -             Presumption as to electronic records five years old
Chapter 6  -             OF THE EXCLUSION OF ORAL OR DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE
Section 92  -             Exclusion of evidence of oral agreement
Section 93  -             Exclusion of evidence to explain or amend ambiguous document
Section 95  -             Evidence as to document unmeaning in reference to existing facts
Section 98  -             Evidence as to meaning of illegible characters, etc
Section 99  -             Who may give evidence of agreement varying term of document
Section 100  -             Saving of provisions of Indian Succession Act relating to wills
Part 3  -             PRODUCTION AND EFFECT OF EVIDENCE
Chapter 7  -             OF THE BURDEN OF PROOF
Section 101  -             Burden of proof
Section 102  -             On whom burden of proof lies
Section 103  -             Burden of proof as to particular fact
Section 104  -             Burden of proving fact to be proved to make evidence admissible
Section 105  -             Burden of proving that case of accused comes within exceptions
Section 106  -             Burden of proving fact especially within knowledge
Section 110  -             Burden of proof as to ownership
Section 111A  -            
Section 112  -             Birth during marriage, conclusive proof of legitimacy
Section 113  -             Proof of cession of territory
Section 113A  -             Presumption as to abetment of suicide by a married woman
Section 113B  -             Presumption as to dowry death
Section 114  -             Court may presume existence of certain facts
Chapter 8  -             ESTOPPEL
Section 115  -             Estoppel
Section 116  -             Estoppel of tenant; and of licensee of person in possession
Section 117  -             Estoppel of acceptor of bill of exchange, bailee or licensee
Chapter 9  -             OF WITNESSES
Section 118  -             Who may testify
Section 119  -             Witness unable to communicate verbally
Section 121  -             Judges and Magistrates
Section 122  -             Communications during marriage
Section 123  -             Evidence as to affairs of State
Section 124  -             Official communications
Section 125  -             Information as to commission of offences
Section 126  -             Professional communications
Section 127  -             Section 126 to apply to interpreters, etc
Section 128  -             Privilege not waived by volunteering evidence
Section 129  -             Confidential communications with legal advisers
Section 130  -             Production of title-deeds of witness not a party
Section 133  -             Accomplice
Section 134  -             Number of witnesses
Chapter 10  -             OF THE EXAMINATION OF WITNESSES
Section 135  -             Order of production and examination of witnesses
Section 136  -             Judge to decide as to admissibility of evidence
Section 137  -             Examination-in-chief
Section 138  -             Order of examinations
Section 139  -             Cross-examination of person called to produce a document
Section 140  -             Witnesses to character
Section 141  -             Leading questions
Section 142  -             When they must not be asked
Section 143  -             When they may be asked
Section 144  -             Evidence as to matters in writing
Section 145  -             Cross-examination as to previous statements in writing
Section 146  -             Questions lawful in cross-examination
Section 147  -             When witness to be compelled to answer
Section 149  -             Question not to be asked without reasonable grounds
Section 151  -             Indecent and scandalous questions
Section 152  -             Questions intended to insult or annoy
Section 154  -             Question by party to his own witness
Section 155  -             Impeaching credit of witness
Section 159  -             Refreshing memory
Section 160  -             Testimony to facts stated in document mentioned in section 159
Section 161  -             Right of adverse party as to writing used to refresh memory
Section 162  -             Production of documents
Section 163  -             Giving, as evidence, of document called for and produced on notice
Section 165  -             Judge's power to put questions or order production
Section 166  -             Power of jury or assessors to put questions
Chapter 11  -             OF IMPROPER ADMISSION AND REJECTION OF EVIDENCE
Section 167  -             No new trial for improper admission or rejection of evidence
Schedule 1  -             SCHEDULE
Amending Act 1  -             INDIAN EVIDENCE (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2002
 
 
 
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